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Us Taliban Peace Agreement Wikipedia

Taliban co-founder Abdul Ghani Baradar was one of the main Taliban members in favor of talks with the governments of the United States and Afghanistan. Karzai`s government reportedly held discussions with Baradar in February 2010. Later that month, Baradar was captured during a joint U.S.-Pakistan raid on the Pakistani city of Karachi. The arrest angered Karzai and called for arrest because Pakistan`s secret services were opposed to Afghan peace talks. [44] [45] After his re-election in the 2009 Afghan presidential elections, Karzai said he would hold a “Jirga of Peace” in Kabul for peace. The event, which brought together 1,600 delegates, took place in June 2010, but the Taliban and Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, both invited by Karzai as a gesture of goodwill, did not attend the conference. [46] In January 2016, the Taliban participated in a Doha dialogue in Qatar called “Peace and Security in Afghanistan” organized by the Nobel Peace Prize-winning Pugwash Conferences on Sciences and World Affairs. The conference took place outside the stalled reconciliation and peace talks between the United States, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan and the Taliban, which were the initial justification behind the Taliban offices in Qatar. [32] While senior leaders of the Taliban offices attended the conference in Qatar, according to reports, the Afghan embassy and government boycotted the event,[33] while other sources claim that the Taliban refused to negotiate with them and were therefore excluded. [34] During the conference, the Taliban listed many conditions for the start of the peace process in Afghanistan. [32] [33] Their demands included the release of an unspecified number of Taliban prisoners and the removal of high-ranking members from the UN blacklist.

[35] The document contains a clause requiring the United States to consult with the Afghan government in the event of external threats, but not the type of NATO-type mutual defence pact that the Afghans originally wanted. “The United States is gravely concerned about any external aggression or threat of external aggression against Afghanistan`s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity,” the proposed agreement states. There is a subsequent clause stating that in the event of an assault, they would be “urgently advised.” [97] In a letter to his Afghan counterpart, Obama added, “The U.S. commitment to Afghanistan`s independence, territorial integrity and national unity, as enshrined in our strategic partnership agreement, is ongoing, as is our respect for Afghan sovereignty.” [104] Early reports have characterized the agreement with the Taliban. However, the Pakistani government has strenuously denied that the Taliban participated in the agreement and that the agreement is also not an agreement with the Taliban. Sources also indicate that Taliban fighters have significant and perhaps dominant control over the area and have been the main force behind the peace agreement (see Waziristan Islamic Emirate). Voice of America, for example, reports that the pact received the blessing of Mullah Omar, the former head of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. [1] Intra-Afghanistan negotiations did not begin as planned on 10 March 2020. But that day, Ghani signed a decree ordering the Afghan government to begin releasing 1,500 Taliban prisoners on March 14, if they agreed to sign pledges guaranteeing that they would not return to combat[115] If they did not sign the pledges, the decree would not enter into force.

[115] On the same day, the United States

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